“Venus and Mars” is a painting by Florentine artist Sandro Botticelli, written in 1483, the main theme of which is called the victory of Love. The plot of the picture is as follows: on a meadow or clearing in front of a quiet grove of myrtle, two gods lay in calm poses opposite each other: Mars, who covered his naked body with a loincloth, sleeps soundly in his cloak; dressed as Venus, the goddess of love and beauty, leaning with one hand on the soft pad, looks in love with the young god of War, guarding his sleep. Fauns, they are satires, in every way amuse themselves with the ammunition of a sleeping god: they drag a spear somewhere, and one of them doesn’t understand at all where – a large helmet closed his eyes, which causes a laugh in the middle; The one in front blows loudly into the shell of Triton right into the ear of Mars.
The one that the bottom – climbed into the armor and seemed to admire the look and beauty of Venus. As already mentioned, the meaning of the victory of Love over the War, which, given its plot, is quite obvious. Venus is capable of completely disarming militant Mars, creating complete harmony and mutual understanding.
The customers for writing the picture were the Vespucci family, the links to which are wasps, peacefully flying in the upper right corner (the wasps were depicted on the family coat of arms of the family). The reason for the order was the marriage, which was reflected in the choice of the theme of Love. So, Botticelli, inspired by classical images and antiquities, painted the canvas according to all the canons of the Renaissance, but showing a certain degree of innovation: funny and lustful fauns are a clear substitute for the traditional cupids that accompany lovers in the paintings.