Titian lived and worked at a time when any manifestation of the human in man was considered a passion, something worthy of only censure. The ascetic way of life was built on a pedestal of holiness – give up everything, drink water and eat dry bread, do not look at beautiful women, pray, repent, and you will be saved. Deny yourself everything that is natural. Put yourself in a cell of abstinence. If you do not want this, they will condemn you.
The Bacchanalia written at such a time seems a strange, impossible objection to the whole order. In it, the artist does not set his goal to show how disgusting a person is and how sinful his nature is – on the contrary, he uses fresh, light colors, floods the sky with whiteness and azure, creates in the spirit of ancient sculptures, as if recalling the Greek gods – forever cheerful, forever drunk living and similar to man in all.
People in the picture do not cause disgust and desire to betray them to anathema. On the contrary – they are beautiful in their naturalness. Sing and drink, dance and laugh. An old man is sunbathing on a hillock in the distance. A young girl stretches herself, driving away the slumber. A little boy, not paying attention to adults, fulfills a little need. Fun and laughter, joy and freedom – this is what is seen in the “Bacchanalia”. It is permeated by the absence of the very concept of sin. It shows that everything that is natural cannot be ugly.
So the animals are not shy of their nakedness. So the gods drink and shed blood, not considering it shameful and sinful.
Man is a cross between a beast and a god, and in the picture of Titian this is manifested in all its glory. A blissful rest, the exit from the cage of imposed guilt by the church of guilt for everything, a moment that will remain in memory and will warm it, even when it passes The hymn to the moment, the chanting of the forgotten divinity of nature – that is “Bacchanalia”.