Description of the painting by Fyodor Yakovlevich Alekseev “Red Square in Moscow”

Description of the painting by Fyodor Yakovlevich Alekseev Red Square in Moscow


The landscape, painted by the artist in oil on canvas during his “business trip” in Moscow, organized for him by Paul I. The task for the artist was as follows: carefully read the way of life of Muscovites and sights of the city and display all this very clearly and in detail in artistic form. When Alekseev embarked on a task, he found so many places in Moscow worthy to be immortalized in landscapes that he later created a whole series of paintings devoted to this subject.

Red Square is depicted in all its glory. The author has managed to thoroughly convey all the subtleties of the architectural buildings located on the territory of the square. In the center, of course, the main attraction of all times of Russia is the Pokrovsky Cathedral or St. Basil’s Cathedral. The original, beautiful, shining with colorful domes, it towers above the people gathered in the square.

On the right side of the square is the Kremlin wall. On the left side, the artist painted long trade rows, along which a mass of people gathered. Wagons and horses, women in colorful dresses and men behind counters with goods – all these characters are mixed into one common, hectic landscape depicted by the author, and showing the significance of Red Square as a place of commerce during the painting.

A great place in the picture is given to the image of the sky, which, as it were, covers everything below it. Soft heavenly light floods the whole area. It is very deeply shown in the picture and very much it revives and decorates. A few more architectural merit depicted as a background complement the general image of the beautiful and integral landscape of Moscow life in Red Square.

These are such facilities as the library of Vasily Kipriyanov in front of the Spassky Tower, the arrows of the Ascension Monastery and the tent of the Royal Tower. In addition, the frontal place in the center of the square is very clearly traced.

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